In December 2003, BETRA sleeper plant at Pamukova in Turkey was inaugurated with cooperation of MABA-T and RAYMAK. Before such a sleeper plant is ready to start, the time for planning often extends over a period of two or three years. The background of a project is the need of sleepers for building or rebuilding of a railway network. In Turkey a new railway line of 530km between Ankara and the European border at Istanbul requires approx. 1.2 million mainline sleepers. MABA established a company in Turkey together with RAYMAK, who were impressed by the quality of MABA’s products and the production technology.